Essay Topics
Types of Essays
Essay Checklist
Word Counter
Readability Score
Essay Rewriter
In recent years, the controversial subject of global warming has been more predominantly brought to our attention. Is the threat of global warming real? Is it man-made or is this just a natural cycle of earth? Does it really affect earth's inhabitants? Should action be taken against it? If so, what kind and to what extent? It cannot be only a coincidence that the alarmingly rapid climate change coincides perfectly with the increased amount of pollutants that humans release into the environment. The once stable climate has in recent years begun to skyrocket, thus altering the delicate structure of earthly life. This proves to be hazardous to the future of the planet; some people worry that many of the resources the environment provides that are taken for granted will not be available for future generations to utilize or protect. Many scientists now agree that humans largely influence the progression of global warming which in turn affects greenhouse gas levels, glaciers, storms, and the sea. Firstly, the term global warming refers to the event in which the surface temperature of earth increases because of solar radiation trapped in the atmosphere. The sun's radiation comes in the form of light waves which pass through the atmosphere and absorb into the earth and warm it, with the exception of a few waves bouncing off and reflecting back into space in the form of infrared radiation. Some of those infrared rays do not make it back to outer space because they get blocked by the atmosphere and descend back to earth's surface. This is not necessarily a bad thing because it provides a comfortably warm and consistent climate; without these rays the planet would be freezing. The issue begins when an excess of greenhouse gasses from pollution thicken the layer of atmosphere and trap more and more of these rays which build up and overheat the earth (Guggenheim). Consequently, the greenhouse gasses that most affect the atmosphere include: carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, tropospheric ozone, and nitrous oxide ("Greenhouse Gases: Introduction"). The overall effect of the presence of certain gases depends on its abundance, concentration and the amount of time spent in the atmosphere. Water vapor is the most predominant gas in the atmosphere but it spends only about nine days there whereas carbon ioxide, another powerful gas, spends about five years (Schlesinger). The United States Environmental Protection Agency found that "In 2011, CO2 accounted for about 84% of all U.S. greenhouse gas emissions from human activities" ("Carbon Dioxide Emissions"). Carbon dioxide is an organic gas which is naturally found in the earth's Atmosphere but the level has drastically increased since the start of the industrial revolution. This is because carbon dioxide is released during the combustion fossil fuels (ie. oil, natural gas, and coal) which occurs when generating electricity, transporting people and goods, and producing products. Electricity accounts for thirty eight percent of emissions, transportation thirty one percent, Industry fourteen percent, and the last sixteen percent a combination of residential and commercial and other sources (Carbon Dioxide Emissions). Talks in 1997 brought about the Kyoto Protocol on February 16, 2005. The Kyoto Protocol included thirty six countries making individual goals for decreasing emissions of six Greenhouse Gasses between 2008 and 2012. These included such countries as Germany, Canada, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Norway. The United States and Canada had originally included themselves in the Protocol but later dropped out (Brown). Seeing as how the United States alone contributes 30.3 percent of national global warming, we should have taken that opportunity to begin to control our copious emissions. One of the most prevalently known effects of global warming is the melting of glaciers, ice caps, and permafrost. Ice and snow reflect a majority of the sun's rays due to their bright white color which keeps them from immediately melting when the rays touch down; but this is not the case for the surrounding water. The water absorbs many of the rays and heats up, melting the ice from the underside and outer sides. In the last thirty years, as many as one million square miles of ice from the sea has disappeared. There are many creatures that depend on this ice in order to survive such as penguins who have experienced a ten percent population decrease in only two years, young krill that need shelter under solid ice to grow safely, and now polar bears are drowning because they are forced to swim anywhere from sixty miles until they can find solid ice to stand on (Bily). Humans also rely on ice and snowfall as sources of water. If there is not any ice at the top of the glacier then there is no water to run down the mountain for drinking and irrigation in the spring. Not only are ice caps and glaciers melting but now we are faced with the melting of permanently frozen ground which is called permafrost. Many houses and other structures such as railways and gas lines that have been built upon permafrost are now being warped or destroyed as the land sinks away. The strange phenomenon of "drunken trees" is as a result of the same principle. Whole forests rooted in permafrost give way when it melts and trees all fall haphazardly and appear "drunk" (Brown). The melting of permafrost also poses the risk that large quantities of Methane once trapped in the soil may be released into the atmosphere. With methane being the most potent of the greenhouse gasses, discharging that much more of it into the atmosphere could be very dangerous. The climate change has spurred an outburst of extreme weather conditions, droughts, record highs, and more powerful storms. Many areas lack rainfall and have fallen into stages of drought. This absence of rain does much damage to the land; vegetation dies out, water dries up, all which ultimately affect the inhabitants of the land. Also, it is no surprise that with the increased amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere temperatures have easily reached a new ceiling, in fact, the top ten hottest years of earth's existence have all occurred within the last fourteen years (Guggenheim). Following the rise in CO2 it is predicted that the global temperature is to raise two to four and a half degrees celsius by the end of this century (Schlesinger). Storms such as tornadoes and hurricanes will only become stronger with the increase in water temperature and water vapor. The number of tornadoes has increased and the fear is that they will increase in severity as well. It is possible that the higher amount of heat energy in the atmosphere producing larger quantities of water vapor, in turn making storms worse (Brown). Taking a look at 2005's Hurricane Katrina the effect of water temperature on the asperity of the storm is impressive. When Katrina passed over Florida it was considered to be only a category one storm, a much weaker form than when it eventually hit New Orleans. Once it passed Florida and entered the Gulf of Mexico, which contained much warmer water, Katrina exploded into a category five hurricane and ravaged the city of New Orleans with winds up to one hundred and seventy four miles per hour, killing almost two thousand people. Few people link this tragedy to global warming but it is very possible that there is a strong correlation between these episodes. The sea is hit the hardest by global warming, melting ice causes the sea level to rise which leads to flooding, heating of the water, increased CO2 levels, and rapid spreading of diseases. Since the water absorbs most of the sun's rays and melts the ice there is a much higher amount of water in the oceans instead of on land. Many highly populated cities and islands are situated near or below sea level which puts them at risk of being submerged under water and lost forever. Thousands of people would be displaced having lost their homes that would never resurface. Alarmingly, iconic areas such as the World Trade Center Memorial are foretold to be engulfed by the sea in the near future if precautions are not taken (Guggenheim). Added bodies of warm water would also facilitate the breeding of disease carrying insects. The rate of diseases such as malaria and dengue fever would expand. The heating of the water can also result in more fatal storms. Extra carbon dioxide can mix with water to form carbonic acid, increasing the acidity of alkaline water. Currently, there has been a six tenths drop in the pH of the water measuring since 1991. This change of the pH threatens the delicate ecosystems of coral reefs and dissolves the carbonate skeletons of the sea life.. "Most aquatic animals are 'ectotherms,' meaning their body temperatures are set by the environment. Because of this, warmer water increases their metabolic rates, producing a higher need for oxygen, even as dissolved oxygen is dropping. What matters, she adds, aren't so much daytime temperatures but nighttime ones. "Animals can take a lot of daytime heat so long as water temperatures cool off at night so they can recover from being somewhat anoxic all day," she says" (Lovett). Warmer water is shown to contain less dissolved oxygen than cooler water. Locally, fewer fish have been caught east of San Francisco; aquatic toxicologists have tied that to the water as well. Ninety-seven percent of scientific studies show that humans largely influence the progression of global warming which in turn affects greenhouse gas levels, glaciers, storms, and the sea (Samenow). The entrapment of infrared radiation from the sun under the thick layer of atmosphere builds up and heats the surface of the earth. Greenhouse Gases that humans expel from industry, electricity and transportation, including carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, tropospheric ozone, and nitrous oxide are the gases that strengthen the layer of atmosphere which causes global warming. America's chance to create a national goal to decrease emissions under the Kyoto Protocol diminished when they backed out. Ice is melting due to the increase in water temperatures resulting in the loss of solid ice necessary for penguins, krill, and polar bears to survive. Humans are without spring runoff from glaciers when there is no ice to melt. The melting of permafrost is a threat to the structures standing on it and the environment if methane gas is released from the once frozen soil. Climate change has resulted in extreme weather situations such as drought, record high temperatures, and more forceful storms. The trapped heat under the atmosphere creates hot weather. The heated water propels hurricanes while water vapor strengthens tornadoes. Melting ice causes the sea level to rise which leads to flooding, heating of the water, increased carbon dioxide levels, and rapid spreading of diseases. It is projected that many cubic feet of land will be submerged in water if certain precautions are not taken. Heating of water and heightened carbon dioxide levels affect the life within the water such as that of the coral reef ecosystem. More surface area of water is grounds for breeding of disease carrying insects. Clearly, the excessive tendencies of humans which aid in the progression of global warming have a direct effect on our environment. With America currently being the largest contributor to the destruction of earth, we should immediately work to become the largest contributor to the preservation of earth and leave it in a better condition for future generations.
Essay Writing Checklist
The following guidelines are designed to give students a checklist to use, whether they are revising individually or as part of a peer review team.
Introduction
  • Is the main idea (i.e., the writer's opinion of the story title) stated clearly?
  • Is the introductory paragraph interesting? Does it make the reader want to keep on reading?
Body Paragraph
  • Does each body paragraph have a clear topic sentence that is related to the main idea of the essay?
  • Does each body paragraph include specific information from the text(including quoted evidence from the text, if required by the instructor)that supports the topic sentence?
  • Is there a clear plan for the order of the body paragraphs (i.e., order of importance, chronology in the story, etc.)?
  • Does each body paragraph transition smoothly to the next?
Conclusion
  • Is the main idea of the essay restated in different words?
  • Are the supporting ideas summarized succinctly and clearly?
  • Is the concluding paragraph interesting? Does it leave an impression on the reader?
Overall Essay
  • Is any important material left unsaid?
  • Is any material repetitious and unnecessary?
  • Has the writer tried to incorporate "voice" in the essay so that it has his/her distinctive mark?
  • Are there changes needed in word choice, sentence length and structure, etc.?
  • Are the quotations (if required) properly cited?
  • Has the essay been proofread for spelling, punctuation, grammar, etc.?
  • Does the essay have an interesting and appropriate title?
Humans Are Causing Global Warming
Trending Essay Topics
Explore today's trending essay topics:
Reference
Feel free to use content on this page for your website, blog or paper we only ask that you reference content back to us. Use the following code to link this page:
Terms · Privacy · Contact
Essay Topics © 2018

Humans Are Causing Global Warming

Words: 1906    Pages: 7    Paragraphs: 7    Sentences: 91    Read Time: 06:55
Highlight Text to add correction. Use an editor to spell check essay.
              In recent years, the controversial subject of global warming has been more predominantly brought to our attention. Is the threat of global warming real? Is it man-made or is this just a natural cycle of earth? Does it really affect earth's inhabitants? Should action be taken against it? If so, what kind and to what extent? It cannot be only a coincidence that the alarmingly rapid climate change coincides perfectly with the increased amount of pollutants that humans release into the environment. The once stable climate has in recent years begun to skyrocket, thus altering the delicate structure of earthly life. This proves to be hazardous to the future of the planet; some people worry that many of the resources the environment provides that are taken for granted will not be available for future generations to utilize or protect. Many scientists now agree that humans largely influence the progression of global warming which in turn affects greenhouse gas levels, glaciers, storms, and the sea.
             
              Firstly, the term global warming refers to the event in which the surface temperature of earth increases because of solar radiation trapped in the atmosphere. The sun's radiation comes in the form of light waves which pass through the atmosphere and absorb into the earth and warm it, with the exception of a few waves bouncing off and reflecting back into space in the form of infrared radiation. Some of those infrared rays do not make it back to outer space because they get blocked by the atmosphere and descend back to earth's surface. This is not necessarily a bad thing because it provides a comfortably warm and consistent climate; without these rays the planet would be freezing. The issue begins when an excess of greenhouse gasses from pollution thicken the layer of atmosphere and trap more and more of these rays which build up and overheat the earth (Guggenheim).
             
              Consequently, the greenhouse gasses that most affect the atmosphere include: carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, tropospheric ozone, and nitrous oxide ("Greenhouse Gases: Introduction"). The overall effect of the presence of certain gases depends on its abundance, concentration and the amount of time spent in the atmosphere. Water vapor is the most predominant gas in the atmosphere but it spends only about nine days there whereas carbon ioxide, another powerful gas, spends about five years (Schlesinger). The United States Environmental Protection Agency found that "In 2011, CO2 accounted for about 84% of all U. S. greenhouse gas emissions from human activities" ("Carbon Dioxide Emissions"). Carbon dioxide is an organic gas which is naturally found in the earth's Atmosphere but the level has drastically increased since the start of the industrial revolution. This is because carbon dioxide is released during the combustion fossil fuels (ie. oil, natural gas, and coal) which occurs when generating electricity, transporting people and goods, and producing products. Electricity accounts for thirty eight percent of emissions, transportation thirty one percent, Industry fourteen percent, and the last sixteen percent a combination of residential and commercial and other sources (Carbon Dioxide Emissions). Talks in 1997 brought about the Kyoto Protocol on February 16, 2005. The Kyoto Protocol included thirty six countries making individual goals for decreasing emissions of six Greenhouse Gasses between 2008 and 2012. These included such countries as Germany, Canada, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Norway. The United States and Canada had originally included themselves in the Protocol but later dropped out (Brown). Seeing as how the United States alone contributes 30. 3 percent of national global warming, we should have taken that opportunity to begin to control our copious emissions.
             
              One of the most prevalently known effects of global warming is the melting of glaciers, ice caps, and permafrost. Ice and snow reflect a majority of the sun's rays due to their bright white color which keeps them from immediately melting when the rays touch down; but this is not the case for the surrounding water. The water absorbs many of the rays and heats up, melting the ice from the underside and outer sides. In the last thirty years, as many as one million square miles of ice from the sea has disappeared. There are many creatures that depend on this ice in order to survive such as penguins who have experienced a ten percent population decrease in only two years, young krill that need shelter under solid ice to grow safely, and now polar bears are drowning because they are forced to swim anywhere from sixty miles until they can find solid ice to stand on (Bily). Humans also rely on ice and snowfall as sources of water. If there is not any ice at the top of the glacier then there is no water to run down the mountain for drinking and irrigation in the spring. Not only are ice caps and glaciers melting but now we are faced with the melting of permanently frozen ground which is called permafrost. Many houses and other structures such as railways and gas lines that have been built upon permafrost are now being warped or destroyed as the land sinks away. The strange phenomenon of "drunken trees" is as a result of the same principle. Whole forests rooted in permafrost give way when it melts and trees all fall haphazardly and appear "drunk" (Brown). The melting of permafrost also poses the risk that large quantities of Methane once trapped in the soil may be released into the atmosphere. With methane being the most potent of the greenhouse gasses, discharging that much more of it into the atmosphere could be very dangerous.
             
              The climate change has spurred an outburst of extreme weather conditions, droughts, record highs, and more powerful storms. Many areas lack rainfall and have fallen into stages of drought. This absence of rain does much damage to the land; vegetation dies out, water dries up, all which ultimately affect the inhabitants of the land. Also, it is no surprise that with the increased amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere temperatures have easily reached a new ceiling, in fact, the top ten hottest years of earth's existence have all occurred within the last fourteen years (Guggenheim). Following the rise in CO2 it is predicted that the global temperature is to raise two to four and a half degrees celsius by the end of this century (Schlesinger). Storms such as tornadoes and hurricanes will only become stronger with the increase in water temperature and water vapor. The number of tornadoes has increased and the fear is that they will increase in severity as well. It is possible that the higher amount of heat energy in the atmosphere producing larger quantities of water vapor, in turn making storms worse (Brown). Taking a look at 2005's Hurricane Katrina the effect of water temperature on the asperity of the storm is impressive. When Katrina passed over Florida it was considered to be only a category one storm, a much weaker form than when it eventually hit New Orleans. Once it passed Florida and entered the Gulf of Mexico, which contained much warmer water, Katrina exploded into a category five hurricane and ravaged the city of New Orleans with winds up to one hundred and seventy four miles per hour, killing almost two thousand people. Few people link this tragedy to global warming but it is very possible that there is a strong correlation between these episodes.
             
              The sea is hit the hardest by global warming, melting ice causes the sea level to rise which leads to flooding, heating of the water, increased CO2 levels, and rapid spreading of diseases. Since the water absorbs most of the sun's rays and melts the ice there is a much higher amount of water in the oceans instead of on land. Many highly populated cities and islands are situated near or below sea level which puts them at risk of being submerged under water and lost forever. Thousands of people would be displaced having lost their homes that would never resurface. Alarmingly, iconic areas such as the World Trade Center Memorial are foretold to be engulfed by the sea in the near future if precautions are not taken (Guggenheim). Added bodies of warm water would also facilitate the breeding of disease carrying insects. The rate of diseases such as malaria and dengue fever would expand. The heating of the water can also result in more fatal storms. Extra carbon dioxide can mix with water to form carbonic acid, increasing the acidity of alkaline water. Currently, there has been a six tenths drop in the pH of the water measuring since 1991. This change of the pH threatens the delicate ecosystems of coral reefs and dissolves the carbonate skeletons of the sea life. . "Most aquatic animals are 'ectotherms,' meaning their body temperatures are set by the environment. Because of this, warmer water increases their metabolic rates, producing a higher need for oxygen, even as dissolved oxygen is dropping. What matters, she adds, aren't so much daytime temperatures but nighttime ones. "Animals can take a lot of daytime heat so long as water temperatures cool off at night so they can recover from being somewhat anoxic all day," she says" (Lovett). Warmer water is shown to contain less dissolved oxygen than cooler water. Locally, fewer fish have been caught east of San Francisco; aquatic toxicologists have tied that to the water as well.
             
              Ninety-seven percent of scientific studies show that humans largely influence the progression of global warming which in turn affects greenhouse gas levels, glaciers, storms, and the sea (Samenow). The entrapment of infrared radiation from the sun under the thick layer of atmosphere builds up and heats the surface of the earth. Greenhouse Gases that humans expel from industry, electricity and transportation, including carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, tropospheric ozone, and nitrous oxide are the gases that strengthen the layer of atmosphere which causes global warming. America's chance to create a national goal to decrease emissions under the Kyoto Protocol diminished when they backed out. Ice is melting due to the increase in water temperatures resulting in the loss of solid ice necessary for penguins, krill, and polar bears to survive. Humans are without spring runoff from glaciers when there is no ice to melt. The melting of permafrost is a threat to the structures standing on it and the environment if methane gas is released from the once frozen soil. Climate change has resulted in extreme weather situations such as drought, record high temperatures, and more forceful storms. The trapped heat under the atmosphere creates hot weather. The heated water propels hurricanes while water vapor strengthens tornadoes. Melting ice causes the sea level to rise which leads to flooding, heating of the water, increased carbon dioxide levels, and rapid spreading of diseases. It is projected that many cubic feet of land will be submerged in water if certain precautions are not taken. Heating of water and heightened carbon dioxide levels affect the life within the water such as that of the coral reef ecosystem. More surface area of water is grounds for breeding of disease carrying insects. Clearly, the excessive tendencies of humans which aid in the progression of global warming have a direct effect on our environment. With America currently being the largest contributor to the destruction of earth, we should immediately work to become the largest contributor to the preservation of earth and leave it in a better condition for future generations.
Global Warming Essay 
+3
Bily, Cynthia A., ed. Global Warming. Farmington Hills: Bonnie Szumski, 2006. Print.
Brown, Paul. Global Warning: The Last Chance for Change. Pleasantville: Lucky Dissanayake, 2007. Print.
"Carbon Dioxide Emissions." United States Environmental Protection Agency. EPA., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.
"Greenhouse Gases: Introduction." National Climatic Data Center. National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.
Guggenheim, Davis, dir. An Inconvenient Truth. 2006. Film.
Lovett, Richard A. "Poisons, Temperature, and Climate Change: Will Global Warming Make Everything Else Worse?" Analog Science Fiction and Fact, 1 Dec. 2011: n. pag. eLibrary. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.
Samenow, Jason. "97 Percent of Scientific Studies Agree on Manmade Global Warming, So What Now?" The Washington Post, 20 May 2013, Online ed.: n. pag. eLibrary. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.
Schlesinger, William H. "Climate Change." Interpretation 65.4 (2011): n. pag.
eLibrary. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.
Tip: Use our Essay Rewriter to rewrite this essay and remove plagiarism.
Next Global Warming Essay: Global Warming Is Real

Add Notes

Have suggestions, comments or ideas? Please share below. Don't forget to tag a friend or classmate.
clear
Formatting Help
Submit