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Anthropology is a discipline, which serves the infinite curiosity about human beings. Etymologically the term is derived from two distinct Greek words -'Anthropos', the meaning of which is man and the 'logos' refers to science or study. Therefore, we define anthropology as a discipline which studies the human beings, scientifically. But this definition is incomplete for the reason that there are also several disciplines, which are concerned with man; they study one aspect of man or the other. Sociology, psychology, political science, economics, history, human biology and even the humanistic disciplines like philosophy, literature, etc. form this group. Each of those disciplines is specialized to deal with a typical aspect of different groups of man. They may also cling to specific cultures and their moorings. Therefore, none of these disciplines can cover the whole jurisdiction of anthropology. Rather anthropology is a larger whole where different disciplines unite together despite the diversity of their interest. It possesses its own distinctiveness in the study of man. It is the only discipline, which strives to understand man and his actions in totality. Anthropologists believe in the integration of knowledge and realize the harmful effects of . The index of anthropologists is man-wherever may he be whether on land, air or sea. They study the human beings in all climates and times. Men of the prehistoric as well as the historic past, men of the present generation and also of coming future come within the purview of anthropologists. But obviously they are not concerned with a particular man as such; their attention centre on 'men in group'. They perceive man not only as animal but also a social human having a history. People irrespective of their genders, ages and occupations are considered. Anthropologists deal with both male and female-old, middle-aged and young. Doctors, lawyers, students, agriculturists, public administrators, bureaucrats, etc. all are taken into account. People with different ideologies (democrat, communist, socialist etc.) or different creeds (Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Jain, Zoroastrian, pagan, ancestor worshipper, atheist, etc.) appear to them with same importance. Even, the village folk and the city people are investigated with equal attention. Man has been conceived as the creator of his cultural destiny. Therefore, anthropology is concerned with a rounded study of man-it studies men at all levels of culture. None of the other disciplines can be so pervasive. For example, the economists who are interested in economic behaviour of man, study man solely from the economic point of view. Political scientists work with that human behaviour, which are related only to the political affairs. A historian while is concerned with the past events of men, a geographer wants to project man in relation to his habitat and environment. A human biologist or a physiologist similarly involves him for the determination of biological or physiological configuration of a body where a psychologist wholly deals with the mental behaviour of an individual. Thus, each of these disciplines segregates some of the aspects instead of studying them all at a time. Approach of anthropology is therefore unique in the study -of man. It never analyses human behaviour in piece meal manner. Rather it fries to cover all aspects; all possible range of human behaviour. By dint of the very nature, anthropology is holistic and comparative. It is a holistic one because it offers a total study of all aspects of culture and society in an integrated and comprehensive manner. All aspects of culture, say for example, religion, politics, social life, family, kinship, economics, aesthetics, health, technology, etc. are combined into one whole. It is believed that each aspect of culture, directly or indirectly, affects on the other aspects of culture, for better or for worse. Anthropology is said to be comparative because it takes an account of all human groups, all types of culture and society throughout the world for working out the similarities and differences in human body, behaviour and values. The ultimate goal is to evolve certain generalizations, which can be applied more or less to all human kind. The whole world is an anthropological laboratory; it is possible to deduce certain rules of human conduct. Since the field of anthropology is vast and complicated, it is impossible for any scholar to acquire mastery over whole of the discipline. On the other hand, though specialization take place, discipline of anthropology does not at all fail to retain its holistic orientation. It remains entangled with the organic factors in one side and on the other side it reacts with social factors. Both types of factors are equally relevant to the subject. In practice, anthropology accepts and uses the general principles of biology and proceeds further to formulate a scientific concept of culture. Its field of investigation is extremely dynamic. It intends to understand the whole development of man and the wide variation of culture as a result of change over long periods of time.
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The study of anthropology
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The Study Of Anthropology

Words: 816    Pages: 3    Paragraphs: 14    Sentences: 53    Read Time: 02:58
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              Anthropology is a discipline, which serves the infinite curiosity about human beings. Etymologically the term is derived from two distinct Greek words -'Anthropos', the meaning of which is man and the 'logos' refers to science or study. Therefore, we define anthropology as a discipline which studies the human beings, scientifically. But this definition is incomplete for the reason that there are also several disciplines, which are concerned with man; they study one aspect of man or the other.
             
              Sociology, psychology, political science, economics, history, human biology and even the humanistic disciplines like philosophy, literature, etc. form this group. Each of those disciplines is specialized to deal with a typical aspect of different groups of man.
             
              They may also cling to specific cultures and their moorings. Therefore, none of these disciplines can cover the whole jurisdiction of anthropology. Rather anthropology is a larger whole where different disciplines unite together despite the diversity of their interest.
             
              It possesses its own distinctiveness in the study of man. It is the only discipline, which strives to understand man and his actions in totality. Anthropologists believe in the integration of knowledge and realize the harmful effects of .
             
              The index of anthropologists is man-wherever may he be whether on land, air or sea. They study the human beings in all climates and times. Men of the prehistoric as well as the historic past, men of the present generation and also of coming future come within the purview of anthropologists.
             
              But obviously they are not concerned with a particular man as such; their attention centre on 'men in group'. They perceive man not only as animal but also a social human having a history. People irrespective of their genders, ages and occupations are considered. Anthropologists deal with both male and female-old, middle-aged and young.
             
              Doctors, lawyers, students, agriculturists, public administrators, bureaucrats, etc. all are taken into account. People with different ideologies (democrat, communist, socialist etc. ) or different creeds (Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Jain, Zoroastrian, pagan, ancestor worshipper, atheist, etc. ) appear to them with same importance.
             
              Even, the village folk and the city people are investigated with equal attention. Man has been conceived as the creator of his cultural destiny. Therefore, anthropology is concerned with a rounded study of man-it studies men at all levels of culture. None of the other disciplines can be so pervasive.
             
              For example, the economists who are interested in economic behaviour of man, study man solely from the economic point of view. Political scientists work with that human behaviour, which are related only to the political affairs. A historian while is concerned with the past events of men, a geographer wants to project man in relation to his habitat and environment.
             
              A human biologist or a physiologist similarly involves him for the determination of biological or physiological configuration of a body where a psychologist wholly deals with the mental behaviour of an individual. Thus, each of these disciplines segregates some of the aspects instead of studying them all at a time. Approach of anthropology is therefore unique in the study -of man. It never analyses human behaviour in piece meal manner. Rather it fries to cover all aspects; all possible range of human behaviour.
             
              By dint of the very nature, anthropology is holistic and comparative. It is a holistic one because it offers a total study of all aspects of culture and society in an integrated and comprehensive manner. All aspects of culture, say for example, religion, politics, social life, family, kinship, economics, aesthetics, health, technology, etc. are combined into one whole.
             
              It is believed that each aspect of culture, directly or indirectly, affects on the other aspects of culture, for better or for worse. Anthropology is said to be comparative because it takes an account of all human groups, all types of culture and society throughout the world for working out the similarities and differences in human body, behaviour and values. The ultimate goal is to evolve certain generalizations, which can be applied more or less to all human kind. The whole world is an anthropological laboratory; it is possible to deduce certain rules of human conduct.
             
              Since the field of anthropology is vast and complicated, it is impossible for any scholar to acquire mastery over whole of the discipline. On the other hand, though specialization take place, discipline of anthropology does not at all fail to retain its holistic orientation.
             
              It remains entangled with the organic factors in one side and on the other side it reacts with social factors. Both types of factors are equally relevant to the subject. In practice, anthropology accepts and uses the general principles of biology and proceeds further to formulate a scientific concept of culture. Its field of investigation is extremely dynamic. It intends to understand the whole development of man and the wide variation of culture as a result of change over long periods of time.
Anthropology Essay History Essay 
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